SOA/BPM/ Integration

Differences between Service Oriented Architecture and Microservices

By marzo 18, 2022 No Comments

The world of information and data technologies is increasingly broad and infinite, and multiple solutions such as service-oriented architecture have appeared to manage them and be part of this great universe. This time we will talk about the differences between service-oriented architecture and microservices. 

You may be wondering what microservices are, well, this architecture is an approach to software development that consists of building an application as a set of small services, which run in their own process and communicate with light mechanisms. 

The service-oriented architecture, also known as SOA, is the link that unites the business goals with the software system. Its role is to provide flexibility, from the automation of the necessary infrastructures and tools, while at the same time reducing integration costs. SOA deals with the design and development of distributed systems and is a powerful ally when it comes to managing large volumes of data, data in the cloud and data hierarchies. 

It is important that you keep in mind that SOA and microservices achieve similar goals, only that their technology and way of doing it is different.

Benefits of Service Oriented Architecture and Microservices

The importance of SOA architecture provides the possibility of turning technologies into real business enablers, an aspect that is undoubtedly essential for companies seeking to achieve success in an increasingly competitive market. The main advantages and benefits of SOA architecture are:

  • Greater business agility and faster time to market: The efficiency of assembling applications from reusable service interfaces, rather than rewriting and reintegrating with each new development project, enables developers to create applications much faster in response to new business opportunities.The service-oriented architecture allows the development of manageable and more secure applications, since it provides a common infrastructure and documentation to develop services with the possibility of adding new functionalities.
  • Ability to take advantage of legacy functionality in new markets: A well-designed SOA allows developers to easily take functionality locked into one platform or computing environment and extend it to new environments and markets.

For example, many companies have used SOA to expose the functionality of mainframe-based financial systems to the Web, allowing their customers to provide themselves with processes and information previously accessible only through direct interaction with company employees. company or business partners.

  • Improved collaboration between business and IT: In a targeted architecture, services can be defined in business terms (for example, generating an insurance quote or calculating the return on investment of capital equipment).
    This enables business analysts to work more effectively with developers on important insights, such as the scope of a service-defined business process or the business implications of changing a process, which can lead to a better outcome.
  • Thanks to the service-oriented architecture, it is possible to minimize data loss, since it offers security and high availability.
  • The service-oriented architecture allows the development of applications in less time and more economically, thanks to the integration of all the data in a flexible way.
  • Service-oriented architecture helps improve the agility and flexibility of organizations

Differences between Service Oriented Architecture and Micreoservices

And although the two terms are closely related and both respond to a business need, here we tell you what their differences are: 

  1. Distribution of components: microservices minimizes sharing of components through a limited context, SOA takes full advantage of it, something that, on the other hand, increases latencies, making systems based on this type of architecture slower.
  2. Service granularity: SOA offers services that are more versatile in terms of their business functionality, while Microservices is comprised of highly specialized, single-purpose services.
  3. Middleware: this messaging option is used by service-oriented architecture, which based on it offers a series of additional capabilities that are not found in microservices, including mediation and routing, message enhancement, messages and protocol transformation. For their part, microservices work with an API layer created between services and service consumers.
  4. Heterogeneous interoperability: SOA promotes the propagation of multiple heterogeneous protocols through its messaging middleware component, therefore, this option should be taken into account in cases where the objective is to achieve the integration of several systems using different protocols in a heterogeneous environment. 

Technology will continue to develop and advance in all areas and for this reason it is essential to choose the best solutions for your business. Now that you know what service-oriented architecture is and what microservices are, and the differences between these two topics, you can now make the decision with your business to enter this revolutionary world of technology, information and data. Here at Heinsohn Corp we can advise you, we have experts on the subject, don’t hesitate to contact us.

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